In this article i explain the Pergola Veronese: the way of growing the vine that we use in our vineyards. Corvina Veronese, Corvinone, Rondinela, Oseleta and Negrara are grown with this technique.
This system consists of a series of vertical poles supporting a scaffold positioned slightly oblique. On this scaffolding run the iron wires that will support the vine shoots. There are different variants of the Pergola: Simple, Double, Trentina, Veronese and Romagnola. Obviously we use the Veronese one.
This form of training provides rather robust and resistant head poles, intermediate poles to prevent damage to the structure. and a series of wires to support the vegetation. The shoots of the vine are placed on the wires at an angle greater than 90 degrees to the ground. Pruning in the Veronese Pergola requires one to 4 shoots of 10-15 buds to be left.
Let’s compare with the other types of pergola:
The vine shoots are placed on the wires of the pergola but only on one side, the simple or single pergola is used in hilly or mountain areas where rather high slopes require a simple structure that makes the most of the sun exposure.
Like the single but both sides of the plant vegetate. It is widespread in the plains where the large spaces do not create obstacles to sun exposure and the processing phases.
Typical Trentino training system where the vegetation is arranged on a roof tilted upwards of about 25 °, although there are different variants depending on the area where the vineyard is located. Use a long pruning that preserves buds (about 30-40) of medium length. The roof of the plant is generally inclined 20-30 ° upwards. The vine is vegetated only on one side as in the simple pergola.
The Pergola or “Pergoletta” Romagnola is used to allow the vertical development of the renewal shoots. When pruning, 2 to 4 shoots are left to be positioned horizontally on which 10 to 15 buds will develop each